The gene defect responsible for the X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP) is associated with an impaired control of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. The gene has been recently identified and the encoded protein (designated SH2D1A, DSHP or SAP) was characterized. It is a 128 amino acid (aa) protein, containing a single Src homology 2 (SH2) domain. It interacts with signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) expressed on the surface of activated T and B cells. We show that activated T, but not activated B, cells express the SH2D1A protein. NK cells express the protein as well. Tumor lines originating from B, T or NK cells exhibited similar SH2D1A protein expression as the corresponding normal cells, with some notable exceptions. EBV-carrying, tumor phenotype representative (type I), but not EBV-carrying lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL)-like (type III) or EBV-negative Burkitt lymphoma (BL) lines expressed SH2D1A. The phenotypic switch from type I to type III in the EBV-carrying BL line Mutu was associated with a down-regulation of SH2D1A and up-regulation of SLAM. In contrast to normal ex vivo and long-term activated NK cells, 2 of 3 NK leukemia lines expressed SLAM. All 3 lines expressed SH2D1A, like their normal counterparts. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research