Shc Is Implicated in Calreticulin-Mediated Sterile Inflammation in Alcoholic Hepatitis

Yuan Li, Joy X. Jiang, Weiguo Fan, Sarah R. Fish, Suvarthi Das, Parul Gupta, Gergely Mozes, Lorand Vancza, Sutapa Sarkar, Koshi Kunimoto, Dongning Chen, Hyesuk Park, Dahn Clemens, Alexey Tomilov, Gino Cortopassi, Natalie J. Török

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background & Aims: Src homology and collagen (Shc) proteins are major adapters to extracellular signals, however, the regulatory role of Shc isoforms in sterile inflammatory responses in alcoholic hepatitis (AH) has not been fully investigated. We hypothesized that in an isoform-specific manner Shc modulates pre-apoptotic signals, calreticulin (CRT) membrane exposure, and recruitment of inflammatory cells. Methods: Liver biopsy samples from patients with AH vs healthy subjects were studied for Shc expression using DNA microarray data and immunohistochemistry. Shc knockdown (hypomorph) and age-matched wild-type mice were pair-fed according to the chronic-plus-binge alcohol diet. To analyze hepatocyte-specific effects, adeno-associated virus 8–thyroxine binding globulin–Cre (hepatocyte-specific Shc knockout)-mediated deletion was performed in flox/flox Shc mice. Lipid peroxidation, proinflammatory signals, redox radicals, reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide/oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide ratio, as well as cleaved caspase 8, B-cell–receptor–associated protein 31 (BAP31), Bcl-2–associated X protein (Bax), and Bcl-2 homologous antagonist killer (Bak), were assessed in vivo. CRT translocation was studied in ethanol-exposed p46ShcẟSH2-transfected hepatocytes by membrane biotinylation in conjunction with phosphorylated-eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha, BAP31, caspase 8, and Bax/Bak. The effects of idebenone, a novel Shc inhibitor, was studied in alcohol/pair-fed mice. Results: Shc was significantly induced in patients with AH (P < .01). Alanine aminotransferase, reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide/oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide ratios, production of redox radicals, and lipid peroxidation improved (P < .05), and interleukin 1β, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1, and C-X-C chemokine ligand 10 were reduced in Shc knockdown and hepatocyte-specific Shc knockout mice. In vivo, Shc-dependent induction, and, in hepatocytes, a p46Shc-dependent increase in pre-apoptotic proteins Bax/Bak, caspase 8, BAP31 cleavage, and membrane translocation of CRT/endoplasmic reticulum-resident protein 57 were seen. Idebenone protected against alcohol-mediated liver injury. Conclusions: Alcohol induces p46Shc-dependent activation of pre-apoptotic pathways and translocation of CRT to the membrane, where it acts as a damage-associated molecular pattern, instigating immunogenicity. Shc inhibition could be a novel treatment strategy in AH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-211
Number of pages15
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • Alcoholic Hepatitis
  • Calreticulin
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Shc
  • Sterile Inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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