Short-term effects of nicotine on bone and calciotropic hormones in adult female rats

Yiu K. Fung, Mark G. Mendlik, Mary C. Haven, Mohammed P. Akhter, Donald B. Kimmel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study assessed the effects of two months nicotine treatment on bone formation and resorption end-points in adult, female rats. In addition, the concentrations of calciotropic hormones which included parathyroid hormone, calcitonin, 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in rats (7 months old) were determined. All animals received either saline (n=7/group), nicotine (3.0 mg/kg/day) (n=7/group) or nicotine (4.5 mg/kg/day) (n=7/group) via subcutaneous implantation of osmotic minipumps containing either saline or nicotine for a period of two months. Serum, right tibia, left femur and lumbar vertebra (3-5) were collected for determination of hormonal concentrations as well as various parameters, including histomorphometry, bone mineral density, bone mineral content and vertebral strength. Although nicotine-treated rats showed a lower level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [54.4±3.1 ng/ml for the 3.0 mg/kg/day and 55.8±2.8 for the 4.5 mg/kg/day group] (mean±S.E.M.) as compared to controls (74.8±2.8 ng/ml) (P<0.01, Newman- Keuls test), no significant difference could be detected for the levels of the remaining hormones. Similarly, no statistical differences were detected on histomorphometric end-points, bone mineral density, bone mineral content and vertebral strength of rats. We conclude that, in spite of lowering serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D by about 30%, nicotine administration of two months duration does not alter bone mass, strength or formation and resorption end- points.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-249
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacology and Toxicology
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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