Significance of isolated vasculitis in the gynecological tract: What clinicians do with the pathologic diagnosis of vasculitis?

Andres A. Roma, Catalina Amador-Ortiz, Helen Liapis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vasculitides includes a heterogeneous group of disorders with the common histologic findings of vascular wall inflammation. Systemic or localized disease (eg, renal vasculitis) has serious consequences. The incidence of isolated gynecologic vasculitis diagnosed on pathology specimens and its significance is little known. We performed a 20 year retrospective review including 53 cases with vasculitis diagnosis affecting the female genital tract identified in pathology reports. None had prior symptoms or were diagnosed with generalized vasculitis, while one patient had prior diagnosis of fibromyalgia. Most patients presented with abnormal bleeding and were treated for conditions unrelated to vasculitis. The different types of vasculitis were: predominantly lymphocytic (nonspecific) 30 cases, necrotizing 17 cases and granulomatous 6 cases. Only 2 patients had additional serologic tests. None of the patients with isolated gynecologic vasculitis received corticosteroids or additional treatment related to the vasculitis. None of the patients developed systemic vasculitis at follow-up (2 months-19.5 years; mean, 5.5 years). Isolated gynecologic vasculitis diagnosed on pathology slides is rarely associated with systemic vasculitis. Potential isolated gynecologic vasculitis causes include: previous surgical interventions and vascular inflammation secondary to local neoplasm. In almost all cases, clinicians did not perform a thorough laboratory analysis to exclude systemic vasculitis and therapy was not required in any case, suggesting minimal clinical significance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-202
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Diagnostic Pathology
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Gynecological vasculitis
  • Isolated vasculitis
  • Systemic vasculitis
  • Vasculitides
  • Vasculitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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