Silk fabric non-formaldehyde crease-resistant finishing using citric acid

Y. Yang, S. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


A non-formaldehyde crease-resistant finishing method for silk has been developed by using citric acid as a crosslinking agent. Both the dry and wet resiliency of finished silk were remarkably increased. The finished silk had a dry wrinkle recovery degree (WRD) of more than 280° compared to 265° and 217°, respectively, for the untreated control. After 50 cycles of home laundering, the finished fabric still had a durable press rating greater than 32 compared to 1.9 for the control. The finished fabric retained 84% to 100% of its breaking strength and there was an increase of 40% to 80% in its tear strength. The whiteness retention was about 65%. This stiffness increase could be controlled to 30% by use of a suitable finishing technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)638-644
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Textile Institute
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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