Successful treatment of localized non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in childhood with 18 months of cyclophosphamide, vincristine, methotrexane (MTX), and prednisone (COMP) prompted a randomized clinical trial to determine whether a 6-month course of the same therapy was as effective as an 18-month course when combined with local irradiation. Two successive Childrens Cancer Study Group (CCSG) protocols (CCG 551 and CCG 501) entered 232 eligible patients from October 1979 until April 1986. Initially, all children with localized disease were considered eligible, but by a subsequent amendment, those with lymphoblastic (LB) histology were excluded. Hence, the study population consisted of 211 patients with nonlymphoblastic (NLB) and 21 with LB disease. Early relapses (before 6 months) occurred in 13 patients with NLB histology. Late relapses were seen in seven patients, three with LB histology. Among the 104 randomized patients who followed the prescribed therapy, there were four recurrences and no differences between 6-month and 18-month therapy. The overall survival for NLB disease was 91% on CCG 551 and 98% on CCG 501. We conclude that 6 months of COMP is excellent therapy for children with localized NLB NHL.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research