Simple multi-attribute rating technique for renewable energy deployment decisions (SMART REDD)

James M. Taylor, Betty N. Love

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


In the effort to provide electrical power service and the sustaining fuel required to run generators at forward-deployed bases in Afghanistan and Iraq over more than 10 years, the US military spent billions of dollars and a paid a heavy toll in terms of human casualties. The green energy linear program for optimizing deployments (GELPOD) proof-of-concept model showed that a linear program could be used to optimize combat deployment of energy generation systems to minimize cost and casualties. Results indicated that reduction in both cost and casualties for renewable energy sources was highly dependent on fuel cost and deployment length. Neglected in the decision making process, however, were factors that impact the operational success of the mission. When deploying combat units, commanders must not only consider potential costs and casualties, they must also contend with battlefield mobility requirements, maintenance capability (or lack thereof), weather, and anticipated hostile action that could affect operational performance. This paper leverages the simple multi-attribute rating technique (SMART), pioneered by Edwards, to attempt to address this deficiency. The resulting simple multi-attribute rating technique for renewable energy deployment decisions (SMART REDD) model allows commanders to take mission attributes into consideration when making decisions on which energy source is most appropriate for the mission as well as providing information on operations costs, expected transportation requirements, and expected casualties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-232
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation: Applications, Methodology, Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2014


  • Renewable energy
  • combat deployment
  • decision making
  • linear program
  • logistics
  • mobility
  • multi-attribute utility measurement
  • optimization
  • simple multi-attribute rating technique (SMART)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

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