Simultaneous photocatalytic oxidation and adsorption for efficient As(III) removal by magnetic BiOI/γ-Fe2O3 core–shell nanoparticles

Yuan Wang, Xuemei Liu, Quyun Chen, Tian C. Zhang, Like Ouyang, Shaojun Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Addressing arsenite pollution in groundwater has drawn great attention. It is attractive to pre-oxidize highly mobile As(III) to relatively low-toxic As(V) with a subsequent adsorption separation process. Herein, BiOI anchoring on γ-Fe2O3 is performed to synthesize BiOI/γ-Fe2O3 core–shell nanoparticles for efficient removal of As(III) via a simultaneous photocatalytic oxidization–adsorption process. The physical and chemical structures of BiOI/γ-Fe2O3 are investigated by transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction measurements. The photoluminescence and electron spin resonance (ESR) characterization were employed to ascertain the possible reaction mechanism of visible-light-driven photocatalytic oxidation of As(III). Such BiOI/γ-Fe2O3 delivers a superior As(III) removal capability under visible light irradiation with an arsenic removal efficiency of 99.8% within 180 min, higher than those of BiOCl/γ-Fe2O3 (81.7%) and BiOBr/γ-Fe2O3 (98.9%). The optimal BiOI/γ-Fe2O3 (molar ratio of 2:1) is obtained by rationally adjusting the molar ratio of BiOI to γ-Fe2O3. The as-synthesized BiOI/γ-Fe2O3 performs well in a wide pH range of 2–8. Only coexisting PO43− anions have a significant effect on the As(III) removal. The free radical trapping experiment and ESR results demonstrate that the ⋅O2 and h+ are the main active substances for the photocatalytic oxidation of As(III) on BiOI/γ-Fe2O3. This work not only gives a novel magnetic core–shell nanoparticle photocatalyst for efficient photocatalytic oxidation and adsorption of As(III) but also offers a new strategy to rationally design BiOX for its related practical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100823
JournalMaterials Today Chemistry
Volume24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Adsorbent
  • Arsenite removal
  • Bismuth oxyhalides
  • Magnetic core–shell nanoparticle
  • Photocatalytic oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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