Simultaneous quantitation of zidovudine and zidovudine monophosphate from plasma, amniotic fluid and tissues by micellar capillary electrophoresis

Yazen Alnouti, Catherine A. White, Michael G. Bartlett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Zidovudine (AZT) therapy given during pregnancy has been shown to reduce the vertical transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from mother to fetus. In order to investigate the efficacy of AZT, it is important to know the concentration of its active phosphorylated metabolites. We have developed the first CE method for the simultaneous quantitation of AZT and zidovudine monophosphate (AZT-MP) from rat plasma, amniotic fluid and fetal tissues. Sample extractions were performed by protein precipitation using acetonitrile for the plasma and amniotic fluids, while in fetal tissues solid phase extraction using Waters Oasis™ HLB extraction cartridges was used. Recoveries ranged from 78 to 92% for AZT, AZT-MP and 3′-azidouridine (internal standard, AZDU), in the three matrices. The optimum separation conditions were achieved using a 40 mM sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) in 50 mM phosphate buffer (pH 7) with a run voltage of 15 kV. The CE system consists of a 75 μm i.d., 50 cm effective length uncoated fused silica capillary. The method was validated over the range 0.5-100 μ g/ml (μg/g for tissues). Intra-day precision (RSD) and accuracy (%error) for AZT ranged from 0.13 to 11 and 0.68 to 11.1%, respectively, while for AZT-MP it ranged from 2.05 to 11.1 and 4.22 to 11.7%. Inter-day precision and accuracy for AZT ranged from 3.82 to 11.2 and 3.14 to 9.01%, while for AZT-MP it ranged from 3.9 to 9.32 and 3.44 to 9.37%, respectively. We also report the enzymatic dephosphorylation of AZT-MP in the placental tissue of rats. This new enzymatic pathway provides increased understanding of the mechanism of anti-viral transport in the rat during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-531
Number of pages9
JournalBiomedical Chromatography
Volume18
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2004

Keywords

  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Enzymatic degradation
  • Validation
  • Zidovudine
  • Zidovudine monophosphate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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