Purpose: Parastomal hernias are challenging to manage, and an optimal repair has yet to be defined. An open, modified, retromuscular Sugarbaker technique has recently been described in the literature as a technically feasible approach to parastomal hernia repair. This study evaluates our initial institutional experience with parastomal hernia repair with the aforementioned technique with respect to safety and durability. Methods: All patients who underwent an open, modified retromuscular Sugarbaker parastomal hernia repair from 2014 through 2016 at our institution were identified. Patient characteristics, hernia variables, operative details, and 30-day and medium-term outcomes were abstracted from the Americas Hernia Society Quality Collaborative database. Outcomes of interest included 30-day wound morbidity, mesh-related complications, and hernia recurrence. Results: Thirty-eight patients met inclusion criteria. 20 (53%) patients presented to our institution for management of a recurrent parastomal hernia. 35 (92%) patients had a concurrent midline incisional hernia with a mean total hernia width of 15.1 cm and mean defect size of 353 cm2. Thirty-day wound morbidity rate was 13%. At a mean of follow-up of 13 months (range 4–30), the hernia recurrence rate was 11%. Three patients (8%) experienced mesh erosion into the stoma bowel, leading to stoma necrosis, bowel obstruction, and/or perforation which required reoperation at day 8, 12, and 120 days, respectively. Conclusions: The outcomes of the retromuscular Sugarbaker technique for the management of parastomal hernias have been disappointing at our institution, with a concerning rate of serious mesh-related complications. This operation, as originally described, needs further study before widespread adoption with a particular focus on the technique of mesh placement, the most appropriate mesh selection, and the long-term rate of mesh erosion.
- Incisional hernia
- Parastomal hernia
- Posterior component separation
- Transversus abdominis release
ASJC Scopus subject areas