Introduction: This study aims to evaluate the outcomes and utilization of porcine acellular dermal collagen implant (PADCI) during VHR at a large tertiary referral center. Methods: Records of 5485 patients who underwent VIHR from June 1995 to August 2014 were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients CloseSPigtSPi18 years of age who had VIHR with PADCI reinforcement. Use of multiple mesh reinforcement products, inguinal hernias, and hiatal hernias were exclusion criteria. The primary outcome was hernia recurrence, and secondary outcomes were early complications and surgical site occurrences (SSOs). Uni- and multivariate analyses assessed risk factors for recurrence after PADCI reinforced VIHR. Results: There were 361 patients identified (54.5% female, mean age of 56.7 ± 12.5 years, and mean body mass index (BMI) of 33.0 ± 9.9 kg/m2). Hypertension (49.5%), diabetes (24.3%), and coronary artery disease (14.4%) were the most common comorbidities, as was active smoking (20.7%). Most were classified as American Association of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Class 3 (61.7%). Hernias were distributed across all grades of the ventral hernia working group (VHWG) grading system: grade I 93 (25.7%), grade II 51 (14.1%), grade III 113 (31.3%), and grade IV 6 (1.6%). Most VIHR were performed from an open approach (96.1%), and were frequently combined with concomitant surgical procedures (47.9%). Early postoperative complications (first 30 days) were reported in 39.0%, with 71 being SSO. Of the 19.7% of patients with SSO, there were 31 who required procedural intervention. After a mean follow-up of 71.5 ± 20.5 months, hernia recurrence was documented in 34.9% of patients. Age and male gender were predictors of recurrence on multivariate analysis. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest retrospective single institutional study evaluating PADCI to date. Hernias repaired with PADCI were frequently in patients undergoing concomitant operations. Reinforcement with PADCI may be considered a temporary closure, with a relatively high recurrence rate, especially among patients who are older, male, and undergo multiple explorations in a short perioperative period.
- Acellular dermal collagen graft
- Biologic mesh
- Ventral hernia
ASJC Scopus subject areas