Six weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without β-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in women

Ashley A. Walter, Abbie E. Smith, Kristina L. Kendall, Jeffrey R. Stout, Joel T. Cramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of cycle ergometry high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with and without β-alanine supplementation on maximal oxygen consumption rate (V̇O 2peak), cycle ergometer workload at the ventilatory threshold (VTW), and body composition. Forty-four women (mean ± SD age = 21.8 ± 3.7 years; height = 166.5 ± 6.6 cm; body mass (BM) = 65.9 ± 10.8 kg; V̇O2peak = 31.5 ± 6.2 ml-kg -1-min-1) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: β-alanine (BA, n = 14) 1.5 g + 15 g dextrose powder; placebo (PL, n = 19) 16.5 g dextrose powder; or control (CON, n = 11). Testing was conducted at baseline (week 0), after 3 weeks (week 4), and after 6 weeks (week 8). V̇O2 peak (mlkg-1 min-1) and VTW were measured with a metabolic cart during graded exercise tests on a corival cycle ergometer, and body composition (percent fat = % fat and fat-free mass = FFM) were determined by air displacement plethysmography. Highintensity interval training was performed on a corival cycle ergometer 3 times per week with 5 2-minute work intervals and 1-minute passive recovery with undulating intensities (90-110% of the workload recorded at V̇O2peak) during each training session. V̇O2peak increased (p ≤ 0.05) in the BA and PL groups at weeks 4 and 8, but did not change (p > 0.05) for the CON group. VTW increased (p ≤ 0.05) for all groups at weeks 4 and 8. Body mass increased (p ≤ 0.05) only for the BA group at weeks 4 and 8, whereas %fat decreased (p ≤ 0.05) and FFM increased (p ≤ 0.05) at weeks 4 and 8 for all groups (BA, PL, and CON). Although it is unclear why β-alanine supplementation increased BM, there was no additive effects for increasing V̇O2peak beyond the PL. Overall, these results suggested that HIIT may be an effective and time-efficient method of training to improve maximal oxygen uptake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1199-1207
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

Keywords

  • Cycle ergometry
  • HIIT
  • V̇opeak

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Six weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without β-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in women'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this