SLIPS-TENG: Robust triboelectric nanogenerator with optical and charge transparency using a slippery interface

Wanghuai Xu, Xiaofeng Zhou, Chonglei Hao, Huanxi Zheng, Yuan Liu, Xiantong Yan, Zhengbao Yang, Michael Leung, Xiao Cheng Zeng, Ronald X. Xu, Zuankai Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Energy harvesting devices that prosper in harsh environments are highly demanded in a wide range of applications ranging from wearable and biomedical devices to self-powered and intelligent systems. Particularly, over the past several years, the innovation of triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) that efficiently convert ambient kinetic energy of water droplets or wave power to electricity has received growing attention. One of the main bottlenecks for the practical implications of such devices originates from the fast degradation of the physiochemical properties of interfacial materials under harsh environments. To overcome these challenges, here we report the design of a novel slippery lubricant-impregnated porous surface (SLIPS) based TENG, referred to as SLIPS-TENG, which exhibits many distinctive advantages over conventional design including optical transparency, configurability, self-cleaning, flexibility, and power generation stability, in a wide range of working environments. Unexpectedly, the slippery and configurable lubricant layer not only serves as a unique substrate for liquid/droplet transport and optical transmission, but also for efficient charge transfer. Moreover, we show that there exists a critical thickness in the liquid layer, below which the triboelectric effect is almost identical to that without the presence of such a liquid film. Such an intriguing charge transparency behavior is reminiscent of the wetting transparency and van der Waals potential transparency of graphene previously reported, though the fundamental mechanism remains to be elucidated. We envision that the marriage of these two seemingly totally different arenas (SLIPS and TENG) provides a paradigm shift in the design of robust and versatile energy devices that can be used as a clean and longer-lifetime alternative in various working environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)540-550
Number of pages11
JournalNational Science Review
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Keywords

  • interfaces
  • power generation
  • slippery surface
  • triboelectricity
  • water droplet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'SLIPS-TENG: Robust triboelectric nanogenerator with optical and charge transparency using a slippery interface'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Xu, W., Zhou, X., Hao, C., Zheng, H., Liu, Y., Yan, X., Yang, Z., Leung, M., Zeng, X. C., Xu, R. X., & Wang, Z. (2019). SLIPS-TENG: Robust triboelectric nanogenerator with optical and charge transparency using a slippery interface. National Science Review, 6(3), 540-550. https://doi.org/10.1093/nsr/nwz025