Visna-maedi of sheep and arthritis encephalitis of goats are slowly progressive diseases caused by serologically related lentiviruses. Lesions are inflammatory and can occur at one or many sites including the central nervous system, lungs, joints, and mammary glands. The viruses replicate in macrophages, and in the animal large numers of infected macrophages can be obtained from inflamed tissues. To study virus-macrophage interactions we transformed sheep alveolar macrophages, which are natural virus target cells, with simian virus 40 and produced a macrophage cell line. The transformed cells grew into density-dependent monolayers and were subcultured after trypsin dissociation. They maintained histochemical and physiologic properties of macrophages as well as the ability to support replication of the lentiviruses. Rabbit antisera to these cells reacted with blood monocytes and only selected populations of tissue macrophages, including those in lung, synovium, mammary gland, and spleen. Microglia, Kupffer cells, and connective tissue histiocytes were not recognized by the sera. Since the tissues in which virus localizes in infected animals are the same as those recognized by the sera, the antimacrophage serum may provide an immunologic marker for virus-susceptible macrophages in the animal.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - 1984|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology