Small molecule inhibitors targeting Gαi2 protein attenuate migration of cancer cells

Silvia Caggia, Subhasish Tapadar, Bocheng Wu, Smrruthi V. Venugopal, Autumn S. Garrett, Aditi Kumar, Janae S. Stiffend, John S. Davis, Adegboyega K. Oyelere, Shafiq A. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Heterotrimeric G-proteins are ubiquitously expressed in several cancers, and they transduce signals from activated G-protein coupled receptors. These proteins have numerous biological functions, and they are becoming interesting target molecules in cancer therapy. Previously, we have shown that heterotrimeric G-protein subunit alphai2 (Gαi2) has an essential role in the migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells. Using a structure-based approach, we have synthesized optimized small molecule inhibitors that are able to prevent specifically the activation of the Gαi2 subunit, keeping the protein in its inactive GDP-bound state. We observed that two of the compounds (13 and 14) at 10 µM significantly inhibited the migratory behavior of the PC3 and DU145 prostate cancer cell lines. Additionally, compound 14 at 10 µM blocked the activation of Gαi2 in oxytocin-stimulated prostate cancer PC3 cells, and inhibited the migratory capability of DU145 cells overexpressing the constitutively active form of Gαi2, under basal and EGF-stimulated conditions. We also observed that the knockdown or inhibition of Gαi2 negatively regulated migration of renal and ovarian cancer cell lines. Our results suggest that small molecule inhibitors of Gαi2 have potential as leads for discovering novel anti-metastatic agents for attenuating the capability of cancer cells to spread and invade to distant sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1631
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Cell migration
  • Gα2
  • Invasion
  • Small molecule inhibitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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