Smokeless tobacco effects on monocyte secretion of PGE2 and IL-1 beta.

J. B. Payne, G. K. Johnson, R. A. Reinhardt, C. R. Maze, J. K. Dyer, K. D. Patil

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28 Scopus citations


The use of smokeless tobacco (ST) products is associated with mucosal lesions, gingival recession, and attachment loss at the site of tobacco placement. Monocytes/macrophages are primary producers of PGE2 and IL-1 beta, inflammatory mediators which are thought to play a role in the destruction of the periodontium. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ST alone and in combination with a major stimulator of inflammation, bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), on monocyte secretion of these mediators. Peripheral blood monocytes (PBM) were isolated by counterflow centrifugal elutriation from 15 healthy donors who were non-ST users. PBM were incubated for 24 hours in RPMI 1640 containing various concentrations of ST (0%, 0.005%, 0.01%, 1%) with or without 10 micrograms/ml LPS (Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS or Escherichia coli LPS). Of the ST preparations, only 1% ST resulted in PBM mediator secretion (7.7 +/- 2.0 ng/ml for PGE2 and 1.3 +/- 0.2 ng/ml for IL-1 beta) above that of control (unstimulated) cultures. Furthermore, the combination of 1% ST and LPS resulted in a potentiation of PGE2 release (5-fold for E. coli LPS + 1% ST and 10-fold for P. gingivalis LPS + 1% ST; P < 0.0001, one-way ANOVA) relative to the LPS preparations alone. In contrast, PBM IL-1 beta release decreased more than 2-fold upon E. coli LPS and 1% ST exposure, relative to treatment with E. coli LPS alone (P < 0.0001, one-way ANOVA).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)937-941
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of periodontology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics


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