Smoking cessation in outpatient alcohol treatment

Kathleen M Grant, Jay H. Northrup, Sangeeta Agrawal, Denise M. Olsen, Carolyn McIvor, Debra J. Romberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study examined the effect of a smoking cessation intervention on alcohol abstinence. Veterans (n = 40) in an outpatient substance abuse treatment program were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. Methods: The intervention consisted of 5 weekly education and group therapy sessions. A repeated measure design was used to compare outcome measures of smoking cessation and sobriety from alcohol in 2 groups (control, intervention) at baseline, 2 weeks, 1 month, 6 months, and 12 months. Results: There was a trend in the direction of greater alcohol use in the intervention group, but differences were not statistically significant at 6 and 12 months. Reported smoking abstinence rates were similar through 6-month follow-up. However, a statistically significant proportion of control participants reported being off cigarettes for at least 24 hours at 6-months. Conclusion: These preliminary data suggest additional studies are needed to determine the effect of smoking cessation on alcohol abstinence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-46
Number of pages6
JournalAddictive Disorders and their Treatment
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 8 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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