Snoring in preschoolers: Associations with sleepiness, ethnicity, and learning

Hawley E. Montgomery-Downs, V. Faye Jones, Victoria J. Molfese, David Gozal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children is associated with poor school performance, with minority children being at increased risk for both conditions. The latter have been attributable to low socio-economic status (SES). To further study these relationships, the contribution of SES to SDB and learning was examined in 1,010 validated questionnaires collected from parents of both white and African-American low-SES preschoolers. Twenty-two percent of disadvantaged preschoolers were reported to be at risk for SDB. These children were more likely to be African American, and had a higher incidence of daytime sleepiness, lower academic performance, and hyperactixity. Maternal education level did not account for these differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)719-726
Number of pages8
JournalClinical pediatrics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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