Social support, emotional intelligence, and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms: A mediation analysis

Nicole L. Hofman, Austin M. Hahn, Christine K. Tirabassi, Raluca M. Gaher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Exposure to traumatic events and the associated risk of developing Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms is a significant and overlooked concern in the college population. It is important for current research to identify potential protective factors associated with the development and maintenance of PTSD symptoms unique to this population. Emotional intelligence and perceived social support are two identified protective factors that influence the association between exposure to traumatic events and PTSD symptomology. The current study examined the mediating role of social support in the relationship between emotional intelligence and PTSD symptoms. Participants included 443 trauma-exposed university students who completed online questionnaires. The results of this study indicated that social support mediates the relationship between emotional intelligence and reported PTSD symptoms. Thus, emotional intelligence is significantly associated with PTSD symptoms and social support may play an integral role in the relationship between emotional intelligence and PTSD. The current study is the first to investigate the role of social support in the relationship between emotional intelligence and PTSD symptoms. These findings have important treatment and prevention implications with regard to PTSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-39
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Individual Differences
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Emotional intelligence
  • PTSD
  • Social support
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Biological Psychiatry

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