Socioeconomic factors related to surgical treatment for localized, non-small cell lung cancer

Xiaqing Jiang, Ge Lin, K. M.Monirul Islam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Various socioeconomic factors were reported to be associated with receiving surgical treatment in localized, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in previous studies. We wanted to assess the impact of residential poverty on receiving surgical treatment in a state-wide population of localized NSCLC, adjusting for demographic, clinical, residence and tumor factors. Data on 970 patients with primary localized NSCLC were collected from the Nebraska Cancer Registry (NCR), and linked with the Nebraska Hospital Discharge Data (NHDD) between 2005 and 2009, as well as the 2010 Census data. Characteristics of patients with and without surgery were compared using Chi-square tests. Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of receiving surgery for low versus high poverty were generated based on the series of logistic regression models controlling for demographics, comorbidity, residence and tumor histology. Patients who were 65 year old or younger, without comorbidities, single or married, and with adenocarcinoma histologic type were more likely to receive surgery. Without adjustment, poverty was negatively associated with receiving surgery. Patients who resided in low poverty neighborhoods (less than 5% of the households under poverty line) were twice more likely to receive surgery than those who lived in high poverty neighborhoods (more than 15% of the households under poverty line) (OR 2.13, 95% CI 1.33–3.40). After adjustment, poverty was independently and negatively associated with receiving surgery treatment. Residents in low poverty neighborhoods were still about twice more likely to receive surgery than those in high poverty neighborhoods when the other demographic, urban/rural residency and clinical factors were adjusted (ORs 2.01–2.18, all p < 0.05). The mechanism of how living in poverty interacts with other factors and its impact on patient's choice and their chance of getting surgical treatment invites future studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-57
Number of pages6
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume175
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

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