In this work, parallel molecular-dynamics simulation is conducted to study the long-time (up to 2 ns) behavior of argon crystal in surface nanostructuring with a laser-assisted scanning tunneling microscope. A large system consisting of more than 1× 108 at. is explored. The study is focused on the solidification procedure after laser irradiation, which is driven by heat conduction in the material. Epitaxial regrowth is observed in the solidification. Atomic dislocation due to thermal strain-induced structural damages is observed as well in epitaxial regrowth. During solidification, the liquid is featured with decaying normal compressive stresses and negligible shear stresses. Two functions are designed to capture the structure and distinguish the solid and liquid regions. These functions work well in terms of reflecting the crystallinity of the material and identifying the atomic dislocations. The study of the movement of the solid-liquid interface reveals an accelerating moving speed in the order of 3-5 ms. The spatial distribution of the moving speed at the solid-liquid interface indicates a nonuniform epitaxial regrowth in space. The bottom of the liquid solidifies slower than that at the edge.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)