Sound attenuation and preferred music in the treatment of problem behavior maintained by escape from noise

Tracy L. Kettering, Wayne W. Fisher, Michael E. Kelley, Robert H. LaRue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examined the extent to which different sounds functioned as motivating operations (MO) that evoked problem behavior during a functional analysis for two participants. Results suggested that escape from loud noises reinforced the problem behavior for one participant and escape from arguing reinforced problem behavior for the other participant. Noncontingent delivery of preferred music through sound-attenuating headphones decreased problem behavior without the use of extinction for both participants. We discuss the results in terms of the abolishing effects of the intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-693
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Keywords

  • escape
  • functional analysis
  • motivating operation
  • noise
  • noncontingent reinforcement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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