Fibers with mechanical properties and water stability suitable for tissue engineering have been developed from soyproteins. Proteins are biocompatible and biodegradable and are preferred over synthetic polymers for medical applications. Although plant proteins are abundant and inexpensive and can be made into various types of scaffolds, very few attempts have been made to understand the suitability of using plant proteins for medical applications, especially as fibrous substrates for tissue engineering. So far, it has not been able to obtain good quality soyprotein fibers without using toxic crosslinking agents or blending soyprotein with synthetic polymers. In this research, we have developed 100% soyprotein fibers with good strength and water stability without using any external crosslinking agents. The soyprotein fibers have better wet strength than collagen fibers and are conducive to the attachment, growth, and proliferation of mouse fibroblasts. Fibers are better substrates than films for growth and orientation of cells and are therefore preferable for tissue engineering applications. Soyprotein fibers show good potential to be novel biomaterials with properties suitable for tissue engineering and other medical applications.
- Tissue engineering
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