Spatial and temporal variation in evapotranspiration using Raman lidar

William E. Eichinger, D. I. Cooper, L. E. Hipps, W. P. Kustas, C. M.U. Neale, J. H. Prueger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Los Alamos Raman lidar has been used to make high resolution (25 m) estimates of the evapotranspiration rate over adjacent corn and soybean canopies. The lidar makes three-dimensional measurements of the water vapor content of the atmosphere directly above the canopy that are inverted using Monin-Obukhov similarity theory. This may be used to examine the relationship between evapotranspiration and surface moisture/soil type. Lidar estimates of evapotranspiration reveal a high degree of spatial variability over corn and soybean fields that may be associated with small elevation changes in the area. The spatial structure of the variability is characterized using a structure function and correlation function approach. The power law relationship found by other investigators for soil moisture is not clear in the data for evapotranspiration, nor is the data a straight line over the measured lags. The magnitude of the structure function and the slope changes with time of day, with a probable connection to the amount of evapotranspiration and the spatial variability of the water vapor source. The data used was taken during the soil moisture-atmosphere coupling experiment (SMACEX) conducted in the Walnut Creek Watershed near Ames, Iowa in June and July 2002.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-381
Number of pages13
JournalAdvances in Water Resources
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Evapotranspiration
  • Lidar
  • Remote sensing
  • Soil moisture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

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