Spatial learning as an adaptation in hummingbirds

Susan Cole, F. Reed Hainsworth, Alan C. Kamil, Terre Mercier, Larry L. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


An ecological approach based on food distribution suggests that hummingbirds should more easily learn to visit a flower in a new location than to learn to return to a flower in a position just visited, for a food reward. Experimental results support this hypothesis as well as the general view that differences in learning within and among species represent adaptations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)655-657
Number of pages3
Issue number4560
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes

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