Specific impairments in visual processing following lesion side in hemianopic patients

Céline Cavézian, Isabelle Gaudry, Céline Perez, Olivier Coubard, Gaëlle Doucet, Carole Peyrin, Christian Marendaz, Mickaël Obadia, Olivier Gout, Sylvie Chokron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Following unilateral damage of the primary visual cortex one of the most common visual field defects observed is Homonymous Hemianopia (HH), a loss of vision of the contralesional hemifield in each eye. The ipsilesional (" intact" ) part of the central visual field is often used to compensate for difficulties encountered in the peripheral hemianopic visual field. However, the quality of vision within the central visual field is not well-known. Methods: To better describe and understand visual processing in hemianopia, two tasks were conducted with 25 healthy controls, six left hemianopes, and five right hemianopes. Filtered (in high, above 6 cycles/degree, or low, below 4 cycles/degree, spatial frequencies - HSF and LSF, respectively) and unfiltered natural scene images (5° of visual angle) were briefly presented (100. msec) centrally on a computer screen. Participants were required either to respond when a natural scene was presented (yes/no detection task) or to indicate if the stimulus was a city or a highway (categorization task). Results: The three groups showed similar accuracy levels but significant differences were observed in response times. More precisely, left hemianopes were impaired both in the detection and in the categorization tasks whereas right hemianopes were only impaired in the categorization task. However, the three groups had similar responses to spatial frequencies: HSF were processed more slowly than LSF. Conclusions: Overall these results suggest that central vision is not intact in hemianopia. Lesion side selectively affects reaction times (RTs) in the detection and the categorization tasks, but does not seem to determine a specific deficit in spatial frequency processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1123-1131
Number of pages9
JournalCortex
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Categorization
  • Detection
  • Hemianopia
  • Natural scenes
  • Spatial frequencies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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    Cavézian, C., Gaudry, I., Perez, C., Coubard, O., Doucet, G., Peyrin, C., Marendaz, C., Obadia, M., Gout, O., & Chokron, S. (2010). Specific impairments in visual processing following lesion side in hemianopic patients. Cortex, 46(9), 1123-1131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2009.08.013