The complex and serious spectral interference makes it difficult to detect trace elements in soil using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). To address it, LIBS-assisted by laser-induced fluorescence (LIBS-LIF) was applied to selectively enhance the spectral intensities of the interfered lines. Utilizing this selective enhancement effect, all the interference lines could be eliminated. As an example, the Pb I 405.78 nm line was enhanced selectively. The results showed that the determination coefficient (R2) of calibration curve (Pb concentration range = 14-94 ppm), the relative standard deviation (RSD) of spectral intensities, and the limit of detection (LOD) for Pb element were improved from 0.6235 to 0.9802, 10.18% to 4.77%, and 24 ppm to 0.6 ppm using LIBS-LIF, respectively. These demonstrate that LIBS-LIF can eliminate spectral interference effectively and improve the ability of LIBS to detect trace heavy metals in soil.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry