Speech-evoked cognitive P300 potentials in cochlear implant recipients

A. G. Micco, N. Kraus, D. B. Koch, T. J. McGee, T. D. Carrell, A. Sharma, T. Nicol, R. J. Wiet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

The cognitive P300 evoked potential was elicited by speech stimuli in successful cochlear implant recipients, and the resulting P300 morphology was remarkably similar to that of normal-hearing individuals. The P300 was elicited by the synthesized speech pair/da/ and /di/presented using an oddball paradigm to nine 'good' Nucleus cochlear implant users and nine age-matched normal-hearing subjects (34-81 yr old). There were no significant differences in P300 amplitude and latency between the two groups. Moreover, the N1 and P2 potentials occurred at similar latencies in the two groups, although the N1 amplitude was significantly smaller in the cochlear implant users. The P300 was absent in one 'poor' cochlear implant user. The results suggest that the P300 may serve as a useful tool for evaluating the cognitive aspects of auditory processing in cochlear implant recipients, and that it may aid in assessing the success of cochlear implantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-520
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Otology
Volume16
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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    Micco, A. G., Kraus, N., Koch, D. B., McGee, T. J., Carrell, T. D., Sharma, A., Nicol, T., & Wiet, R. J. (1995). Speech-evoked cognitive P300 potentials in cochlear implant recipients. American Journal of Otology, 16(4), 514-520.