Spin and elastic contributions to isothermal entropy change

T. Mukherjee, R. Skomski, S. Michalski, D. J. Sellmyer, Ch Binek

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4 Scopus citations


Statistical considerations of ensembles of localized magnetic moments reveal an upper bound of the isothermal entropy change when only the magnetic degrees of freedom are considered. In this case, the maximum molar isothermal entropy change is determined by the spin multiplicity and is equal to Rln(2J + 1), where J is the angular momentum of an individual atom. However, in materials with giant magnetocaloric effect, the isothermal field-induced entropy change goes beyond the spin-multiplicity limit due to field-activated elastic degrees of freedom. Recently, we investigated a model of pairs of exchange-coupled Ising spins with variable real-space positions. We showed, within a classical approximation for the elastic degree of freedom, that a vibrational entropy contribution can be activated via applied magnetic fields. Here we quantify the impact of quantum corrections in the low-temperature limit. We compare calculations that include elastic interaction with the rigid exchange model in the high-temperature limit. We find that quantum effects provide quantitative corrections in the low-temperature limit. In addition we show that the elastic contributions to the isothermal entropy change can be additive but, remarkably, it can also give rise to reduced isothermal entropy change in certain temperature regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number07A931
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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