Failure to detect hydroxyl radical (.OH)-derived spin adducts of 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide in electron spin resonance (ESR) spin trapping experiments has been offered as evidence for the lack of the endogenous capacity of stimulated human phagocytes (neutrophils, monocytes, and monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM)) to generate .OH. Recent reports that 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide spin adducts are unstable in the presence of superoxide-generating systems such as stimulated neutrophils has raised concerns regarding the sensitivity of spin trapping techniques for assessment of phagocyte free radical formation. Consequently, we have employed a new approach that used the spin trap N-t-butyl-α-phenylnitrone (PBN) and dimethyl sulfoxide. In the presence of dimethyl sulfoxide and PBN, the formation of .OH via three different mechanisms in air-saturated aqueous solutions all yielded a single nitroxide species whose ESR peak amplitude remained stable in the presence of superoxide (.O2-). This nitroxide, which we have assigned as PBN/.OCH3, appears to be an oxygen-centered radical derived from the spin trapping of the reaction product of O2 and methyl radical. When neutrophils, monocytes, or MDM were stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate or opsonized zymosan in the presence of exogenous iron, catalase-inhibitable PBN/.OCH3 was the sole nitroxide detected. In the absence of exogenous iron, no nitroxide was observed, providing evidence for the lack of the endogenous capacity of neutrophils, monocytes, and MDM to generate .OH.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology