To improve the quantitative analysis accuracy of an aqueous solution using surface-enhanced laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (SENLIBS), the filter paper was used as a transmission medium by placing it onto the surface of a metallic substrate to make the microdroplet spreading more uniform in a fixed region of the substrate surface. The trace elements (Cu, Pb, Cd, and Cr) in an aqueous solution were detected successfully using this method. The results showed that the sample preparation repeatability of SENLIBS was noticeably improved with the aid of filter paper. Moreover, the limit of detection (LoD) values was similar to those without filter paper. Furthermore, the R2 values were improved from 0.6192~0.9321 to 0.9481~0.9766, the RMSECV values were decreased from 0.53~1.95 μg/mL to 0.33~1.06 μg/mL, and the average relative error (ARE) values were decreased from 8.96~22.31% to 4.28~14.37% with the aid of filter paper. This demonstrated that the use of filter paper could improve the quantitative analysis accuracy of SENLIBS by increasing the sample preparation repeatability.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics