An anionic phospholipid, phosphatidylglycerol (PG), induced vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) to adopt a helical conformation, determined by circular dichroism studies. PG inhibited the trypsin-catalyzed, antibody- catalyzed and uncatalyzed cleavage of VIP, measured by radiometric and HPLC methods. Phosphatidylcholine, a neutral lipid, did not alter the circular dichroism spectra of VIP, and it was without detectable effect on the rates of VIP cleavage. Trypsin-catalyzed cleavage of Boc-Ile-Glu-Arg- methylcoumarinamide, a substrate unrelated in sequence to VIP, proceeded at equivalent rates in the absence and presence of PG, which suggests that the phospholipid did not exert a nonspecific inhibitory effect on the enzyme. Study of the kinetics of antibody-catalyzed VIP cleavage indicated that the inhibition by PG was due to decreased affinity for VIP, suggested by observations of increased K(m) values and unaltered V(max) values. Incorporation of VIP in the liposomes and the liposomal surface permitted maintenance of the peptide in essentially undegraded form at 37°C for 8 days. The longevity of liposomal VIP administered i.v. to mice was increased by about 5-fold compared with aqueous VIP. These observations indicate that certain phospholipids and liposomes can be applied to circumvent the rapid loss of VIP in vitro and in vivo due to degradative processes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine