State-of-the-art review: Analysis and rehabilitation of existing masonry walls against progressive collapse

A. Kousgaard, E. Erdogmus

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In masonry wall buildings, masonry walls constitute the building envelope, gravity load resisting system, and the lateral load resisting system at the same time. Therefore, major damage or a loss of integrity on the building envelope directly affects the integrity of the entire structural system; the loss of load-bearing members can cause catastrophic failures without much warning or time for evacuation of the building. The brittle, heterogeneous, and anisotropic properties of masonry make masonry structures susceptible to such failures, when certain causes and failure mechanisms were not considered in the original design. Codes and specifications that relate to progressive collapse analysis, such as the Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) 04-023-03, cover steel and concrete structures in more depth and detail than masonry structures, making the analysis of existing masonry structures challenging. This paper reviews the available literature related to the assessment and retrofit of masonry structures against progressive collapse to showcase the insufficiency of available information in this topic. The paper also looks at current codes and standards, and compare practices between the U.S. and Europe. Results of the review suggest that there is need for further research in the topic and a need for increased detail in the provisions for masonry in the applicable codes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAEI 2015
Subtitle of host publicationBirth and Life of the Integrated Building - Proceedings of the AEI Conference 2015
EditorsChristopher H. Raebel
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages421-432
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9780784479070
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
EventArchitectural Engineering National Conference 2015: Birth and Life of the Integrated Building, AEI 2015 - Milwaukee, United States
Duration: Mar 24 2015Mar 27 2015

Publication series

NameAEI 2015: Birth and Life of the Integrated Building - Proceedings of the AEI Conference 2015

Other

OtherArchitectural Engineering National Conference 2015: Birth and Life of the Integrated Building, AEI 2015
CountryUnited States
CityMilwaukee
Period3/24/153/27/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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  • Cite this

    Kousgaard, A., & Erdogmus, E. (2015). State-of-the-art review: Analysis and rehabilitation of existing masonry walls against progressive collapse. In C. H. Raebel (Ed.), AEI 2015: Birth and Life of the Integrated Building - Proceedings of the AEI Conference 2015 (pp. 421-432). (AEI 2015: Birth and Life of the Integrated Building - Proceedings of the AEI Conference 2015). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784479070.037