State-of-the-art review of virtual reality environment applications in construction safety

Sneha Bhoir, Behzad Esmaeili

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although the numbers of injuries in the construction industry have decreased significantly since legislation of the Occupational Safety and Health Act in the 1970s, more than 700 workers face fatalities every year. As a result, in any construction project, addressing safety challenges remains one of the top priorities; safety managers constantly attempt to enhance the effectiveness of training materials provided to workers. With the emergence of the Net Generation-those who have grown up with information technology-project managers will be obliged to relinquish passive means of training and place more emphasis on creating active learning experiences that embrace state-of-the-art technologies. One of the technologies that is gaining wide acceptance for educational purposes is virtual reality environments (VRE). It has been found that VRE has a great potential to engage students in classrooms and to help construction works retain safety knowledge. Thus, the objectives of this study are to synthesize the potential applications of virtual reality environments, explore the current adoption rate of VRE to train workers regarding safety issues, and identify limitations in the current body of knowledge. The objectives are fulfilled by conducting an in-depth literature review and interviewing safety training providers across the United States. The results of the study indicated that the current adoption rate of VRE to provide safety training is minimal and safety professionals prefer hands on training. The findings of the paper summarize the current strength and weaknesses of virtual reality applications in construction safety and provide suggestions for further improvements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAEI 2015
Subtitle of host publicationBirth and Life of the Integrated Building - Proceedings of the AEI Conference 2015
EditorsChristopher H. Raebel
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages457-468
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9780784479070
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
EventArchitectural Engineering National Conference 2015: Birth and Life of the Integrated Building, AEI 2015 - Milwaukee, United States
Duration: Mar 24 2015Mar 27 2015

Publication series

NameAEI 2015: Birth and Life of the Integrated Building - Proceedings of the AEI Conference 2015

Other

OtherArchitectural Engineering National Conference 2015: Birth and Life of the Integrated Building, AEI 2015
CountryUnited States
CityMilwaukee
Period3/24/153/27/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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    Bhoir, S., & Esmaeili, B. (2015). State-of-the-art review of virtual reality environment applications in construction safety. In C. H. Raebel (Ed.), AEI 2015: Birth and Life of the Integrated Building - Proceedings of the AEI Conference 2015 (pp. 457-468). (AEI 2015: Birth and Life of the Integrated Building - Proceedings of the AEI Conference 2015). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784479070.040