States of mind model and cognitive change in treated social phobics

Monroe A. Bruch, Richard G. Heimberg, Debra A. Hope

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


The applicability of Schwartz and Garamoni's (1986, 1989) States of Mind (SOM) model for assessing the influence of cognitive-behavioral therapy on cognitive functioning was evaluated with social phobics. The SOM model states that a positive dialogue (i.e., a 2:1 ratio of positive to negative thoughts) is optimal for effective coping. Social phobics receiving either a cognitive-behavioral or educational-supportive group treatment were compared for SOM change, as were subjects meeting criteria for improvement or nonimprovement. Also the study compared the predictability of the SOM ratio with a ratio based on percent of negative thoughts. Subjects in both treatments evidenced negative monologue (i.e., a preponderance of negative thoughts) at pretreatment. A significant Treatment ×Time interaction showed that, although the groups did not differ at posttreatment, those in the cognitive treatment reached positive dialogue at a 6-month followup while the other group did not. Improvers also attained positive dialogue at followup while nonimprovers did not. The SOM and the negative thought ratios performed similarly in predicting most outcome measures, suggesting that neutral thoughts (the only distinction between the two) serve little function for persons with problems of social phobia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)429-441
Number of pages13
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • cognitive assessment
  • cognitive treatment
  • social phobia
  • states of mind
  • thought-listing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology


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