Sterile α-motif domain requirement for cellular signaling and survival

Suhita Ray, Linda Chee, Daniel R. Matson, Nick Y. Palermo, Emery H. Bresnick, Kyle J. Hewitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hundreds of sterile α-motif (SAM) domains have predicted structural similarities and are reported to bind proteins, lipids, or RNAs. However, the majority of these domains have not been analyzed functionally. Previously, we demonstrated that a SAM domain-containing protein, SAMD14, promotes SCF/protooncogene c-Kit (c-Kit) signaling, erythroid progenitor function, and erythrocyte regeneration. Deletion of a Samd14 enhancer (Samd14–Enh), occupied by GATA2 and SCL/TAL1 transcription factors, reduces SAMD14 expression in bone marrow and spleen and is lethal in a hemolytic anemia mouse model. To rigorously establish whether Samd14–Enh deletion reduces anemia-dependent c-Kit signaling by lowering SAMD14 levels, we developed a genetic rescue assay in murine Samd14–Enh-/- primary erythroid precursor cells. SAMD14 expression at endogenous levels rescued c-Kit signaling. The conserved SAM domain was required for SAMD14 to increase colony-forming activity, c-Kit signaling, and progenitor survival. To elucidate the molecular determinants of SAM domain function in SAMD14, we substituted its SAM domain with distinct SAM domains predicted to be structurally similar. The chimeras were less effective than SAMD14 itself in rescuing signaling, survival, and colony-forming activities. Thus, the SAMD14 SAM domain has attributes that are distinct from other SAM domains and underlie SAMD14 function as a regulator of cellular signaling and erythrocyte regeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7113-7125
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume295
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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