Stimulation of the hexose monophosphate pathway by pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase in the lens

Takashi Shiono, Peter F. Kador, Jin H. Kinoshita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Addition of pyrroline-5-carboxylate (P5C) or its precursors to rat lenses cultured for 24 hr in TC-199 medium containing 14C-glucose results in an apparent concentration-dependent increase in hexose monophosphate-pentose (HMP) pathway activity. Addition of proline, the reduction product of P5C, did not result in an increase, suggesting that stimulation of the HMP pathway is related to the reduction of P5C to proline by the enzyme P5C reductase. No apparent feedback inhibition on P5C reductase was observed. Stimulation of HMP pathway activity by P5C was also observed in the lenses of the Philly and Nakano mouse, two models of congenital osmotic cataracts. Compared with its genetic control, the Swiss-Webster mouse, generally no difference in the lenticular levels of HMP pathway activity was observed in the Philly mouse - even after the onset of cataract. Stimulation of the HMP pathway in the Philly lens by P5C, however, was consistently lower than its control. In the lenses from the Nakano mouse and its genetic control, the Balb c mouse, no difference in the percentage stimulation of the HMP pathway resulting from the addition of P5C was observed, but HMP pathway activity in the Nakano lens was consistently lower than that of the control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)767-775
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Eye Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1985


  • Nakano mouse
  • Philly mouse
  • cataract
  • delta-pyrroline-5-carboxylate
  • glucose metabolism
  • gyrate atrophy
  • hexose monophosphate pathway
  • hyperornithinemia
  • rat lens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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