ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were to lay the methodological groundwork for field studies of microRNA analysis in exosomes from small sample volumes of human milk, and assess exosome and microRNA content in infant formulas. When human milk was stored at 4°C for 4 weeks, the count of exosome-sized vesicles decreased progressively to 49%±13% of that in fresh milk. Exosomes were purified from 1mL of fresh human milk and their microRNA content was assessed by microRNA-sequencing analysis and compared with that in infant formulas. We identified 221 microRNAs in exosomes from 3 samples of fresh human milk; 84 microRNAs were present in all 3 samples. MicroRNAs were not detectable in infant formulas and their exosome-sized vesicles, which appeared to be casein micelles. We conclude that large-scale studies of microRNAs in human milk exosomes are feasible, and exosomes and microRNAs are not detectable in formulas.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition|
|State||Published - 2019|
- fat globules
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health