We investigate the energy product of MnGa alloys as function of Mn concentration and applied elastic strain. Using the density functional theory (DFT) based method we calculated the magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MAE) and magnetization of Mn-Ga alloys as function of composition, e.g. Mn and Ga, and examined their variation under applied strain. Our calculations show that MAE is very large ~22-27 M erg/cm3 in all three considered compositions, e.g. MnGa, Mn3Ga and Mn1.66Ga. We show that MAE is very robust in MnGa system and remains large in wide range of concentrations and strains both compressive and tensile. We find that bi-axial tensile strain increases MAE in Mn1.66Ga alloys. Our study shows that the variation of MAE as function of Mn content is related to the change in electronic structure and, specifically, the Fermi level position with electron population variation. We estimated the theoretical limit of the energy product (BH)max of MnGa, Mn3Ga and Mn1.66Ga alloys as 23.65, 4.06 and 13.64 MGOe, respectively. We find that volume expansion of the MnGa alloys (by appropriate doping) should increase the magnetization and the energy product of these alloys.
- Ab initio DFT calculations
- Magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MAE)
- Strained MnGa alloys
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics