Strain rate, temperature, and microstructure-dependent yield stress of poly(ethylene terephthalate)

Jung Yul Lim, Henry J. Donahue, Sang Yong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Yield stress of a series of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) filament samples, which differ in molecular draw ratio, was observed at a range of strain rate and temperature to reveal the relation between microstructure and yield stress behavior. Based on the observations, a novel correlation between (quasistatic) tensile yield behavior and dynamic mechanical properties was proposed. Above secondary relaxation temperature and below primary relaxation temperature, changes in yield stress with strain rate and temperature could be described successfully with one activated rate process, Eyring's model of yielding, regardless of the microstructure of PET samples. The activation enthalpy of Eyring's model increased almost linearly with crystallinity, while the activation volume decreased with crystallinity in a sigmoidal fashion. We suggest that crystalline structural development elevates the energy barrier for yield, and that the scale of molecular motion for yield decreases with microstructural development, not only because of the decrease in molecular volume. Such a scale of molecular motion as Eyring's activation volume could possibly interpret the loss tangent (tan δ), i.e., as the activation volume increases, loss tangent maxima of both primary and secondary relaxation increase almost linearly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)653-660
Number of pages8
JournalMacromolecular Chemistry and Physics
Volume204
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 25 2003

Keywords

  • Activation enthalpy
  • Activation volume
  • Eyring's model of yielding
  • Stress
  • Tan δ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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