Stress Correlates Related to Depressive Symptoms Among Young Black Men in Southern California

Keyonna M. King, Markisha Key-Hagan, Avni Desai, Tehani Mundy, Atinuke K. Shittu, Lisa R. Roberts, Simone Montgomery, Martina Clarke, Regina Idoate, Tzeyu L. Michaud, Athena K. Ramos, Sheritta Strong, Roland J. Thorpe, Susanne B. Montgomery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Black men experience higher levels of chronic stress, life stressors, and discrimination due to oppressive social and economic conditions. Black men are at greater risk of depression, but most published research on stress and depression has focused on Black people in general, Black women, or older Black men. We sought to determine whether discrimination, perceived stress, major life stress, daily hassles, and social capital were associated with depressive symptoms in young Black men. Survey data were collected from April 2010 to March 2012 in Southern California from a convenience sample of Black men (N = 201). We used two-sample t tests and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) to examine the association of stress correlates with depressive symptoms. Logistic regression was conducted to estimate the likelihood of reporting depressive symptoms for each significant correlate. Over half of the sample reported depressive symptoms. Health status, perceived discrimination, urban hassles, perceived stress, and neighborhood trust and safety were significantly related to depressive symptoms. Those who reported higher perceived stress had higher odds of reporting depressive symptoms, whereas lower everyday discrimination experiences were associated with lower odds of depressive symptoms. Future studies should consider examining the effectiveness of embedding coping mechanisms for stress, including perceived discrimination, in health interventions for young Black men to prevent or reduce depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Men's Health
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Black men
  • depression
  • mental health
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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