Stress-induced cardiovascular reactivity among African American smokers

Krista B. Highland, Dennis E. McChargue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To test for differences in stress-induced cardiovascular functioning among hypertensive and normotensive African American (AA) smokers. Methods: Participants (n=35) were exposed to both stress and neutral mood inductions. Results: Repeated measures analyses of covariance produced a significant group x mood condition interaction for systolic blood pressure (P=.048), but not for diastolic blood pressure (P>.05). The most notable finding was that AA hypertensive smokers showed selectively greater elevations in their systolic responses compared with normotensive controls following the laboratory-induced stressor. Conclusions: Implications to an elevated risk of future cardiovascular disease among AA hypertensive smokers are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-59
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Hypertension
  • Smoking
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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