The structural and magnetic properties of nickel inverse opal photonic crystal have been studied by complementary experimental techniques, including scanning electron microscopy, wide-angle and small-angle diffraction of synchrotron radiation, and polarized neutrons. The sample was fabricated by electrochemical deposition of nickel in voids in a colloidal crystal film made of 450 nm polystyrene microspheres followed by their dissolving in toluene. The microradian small-angle diffraction of synchrotron radiation was used to reveal the opal-like large-scale ordering proving its tendency to the face-centered-cubic (fcc) structure with the lattice constant of 650±10 nm. The wide-angle x-ray powder diffraction has shown that nanosize fcc nickel crystallites, which form an inverse opal framework, have some texture prescribed by principal directions in inverse opal on a macroscale, thus showing that the atomic and macroscopic structures are correlated. The polarized small-angle neutron scattering is used on the extreme limit of its ability to detect the transformation of the magnetic structure under applied field. Different contributions to the neutron scattering have been analyzed: the nonmagnetic (nuclear) one, the pure magnetic one, and the nuclear-magnetic interference. The latter in the diffraction pattern shows the degree of the spatial correlation between the magnetic and nuclear reflecting planes and gives the pattern behavior of the reversal magnetization process for these planes. The field dependence of pure magnetic contribution shows that the three-dimensional geometrical shape of the structure presumably leads to a complex distribution of the magnetization in the sample.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jan 5 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics