Structural, ferroelectric, magnetic and magnetoelectric properties of (1-x) Ba0.85Ca0.15Zr0.1Ti0.9O3 -x La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 lead-free magnetoelectric composites

S. F. Mansour, Reem Al-Wafi, Mohamed Afifi, J. A. Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The influence of an additional La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) magnetic phase on the structural, ferromagnetic, ferroelectric, and magnetoelectric properties of Ba0.85Ca0.15Zr0.1Ti0.9O3 (BCZT) ferroelectric phase was studied for composites of (1-x)BCZT -xLSMO (x = 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%). The ferroelectric BCZT sample showed a perovskite single phase formation with a tetragonal crystal structure of the P4mm space group, and the magnetic phase of LSMO presented a rhombohedral crystal structure of R3c space group as shown by XRD. The composite sample with 25% LSMO exhibited large ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties with remnant, saturation polarization, and coercive electric field Pr ~7.74 μC/cm2, Ps ~11.69 μC/cm2 and EC ~12.22 kV/cm with a piezoelectric coefficient d33 ~ 231 pC/N. The magnetic characterization for the composites showed that the sample containing 75% of LSMO revealed the highest remnant, saturation magnetization, and coercive field of Mr ~1.358 emu/g, Ms ~19.17 emu/g, and HC ~33.19 Oe, respectively. Moreover, it revealed the largest magnetoelectric coupling coefficient αME ~2.51 mV/cm.Oe with high coupling quality at a lower applied magnetic field. The results highlight the value of these composites as lead-free room temperature magnetoelectric sensors and actuators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6362-6370
Number of pages9
JournalCeramics International
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021


  • BCZT
  • Ceramic composites
  • LSMO
  • Lead-free
  • Magnetic properties
  • Magnetoelectric effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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