Structure of the Sulfolobus solfataricus α-Glucosidase: Implications for Domain Conservation and Substrate Recognition in GH31

Heidi A. Ernst, Leila Lo Leggio, Martin Willemoës, Gordon Leonard, Paul Blum, Sine Larsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Scopus citations

Abstract

The crystal structure of α-glucosidase MalA from Sulfolobus solfataricus has been determined at 2.5 Å resolution. It provides a structural model for enzymes representing the major specificity in glycoside hydrolase family 31 (GH31), including α-glucosidases from higher organisms, involved in glycogen degradation and glycoprotein processing. The structure of MalA shows clear differences from the only other structure known from GH31, α-xylosidase YicI. MalA and YicI share only 23% sequence identity. Although the two enzymes display a similar domain structure and both form hexamers, their structures differ significantly in quaternary organization: MalA is a dimer of trimers, YicI a trimer of dimers. MalA and YicI also differ in their substrate specificities, as shown by kinetic measurements on model chromogenic substrates. In addition, MalA has a clear preference for maltose (Glc-α1,4-Glc), whereas YicI prefers isoprimeverose (Xyl-α1,6-Glc). The structural origin of this difference occurs in the -1 subsite where MalA residues Asp251 and Trp284 could interact with OH6 of the substrate. The structure of MalA in complex with β-octyl-glucopyranoside has been determined. It reveals Arg400, Asp87, Trp284, Met321 and Phe327 as invariant residues forming the +1 subsite in the GH31 α-glucosidases. Structural comparisons with other GH families suggest that the GH31 enzymes belong to clan GH-D.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1106-1124
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Volume358
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 12 2006

Keywords

  • crystal structure
  • glycoside hydrolase
  • substrate specificity
  • α-glucosidase
  • α-xylosidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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