Objectives: To measure ocular biometric parameters in all possible untreated family members of index primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) patients and to correlate these values among affected, unaffected, and suspected family members. Methods: Anterior chamber depth (ACD), axial length (AL), lens thickness (LT), relative lens position, and central corneal thickness (CCT) were measured in first- and second-degree relatives of index patients. These biometric parameters were compared among the relatives and index patients as well as among affected, unaffected, and suspected family members. Results: Of the 108 family members included in the study, 34 (31.6%) were affected with primary angle closure, 19 (17.6%) were suspect, and 55 (50.7%) were unaffected family members. In comparison to index cases, ACD was 14.56% more in affected, 21.7% more in primary angle closure suspects and 34.92% more in unaffected family members. LT was 10.73, 11.1, 16% less and AL was 0.11, 3.53 and 5.37% more in affected, suspected, and unaffected family members, respectively. Lens position and CCT were not statistically different in the various subgroups. Conclusions: ACD is narrowest, lens thickest, and AL shortest in family members affected with PACG compared to suspected and unaffected members. Although LT and ACD could change with advancing age, AL appears to be a marker to identify members at risk of angle closure glaucoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems