Study of Ethanol-Induced Golgi Disorganization Reveals the Potential Mechanism of Alcohol-Impaired N-Glycosylation

Carol A. Casey, Ganapati Bhat, Melissa S. Holzapfel, Armen Petrosyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Background: It is known that ethanol (EtOH) and its metabolites have a negative effect on protein glycosylation. The fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus induced by alteration of the structure of largest Golgi matrix protein, giantin, is the major consequence of damaging effects of EtOH-metabolism on the Golgi; however, the link between this and abnormal glycosylation remains unknown. Because previously we have shown that Golgi morphology dictates glycosylation, we examined the effect EtOH administration has on function of Golgi residential enzymes involved in N-glycosylation. Methods: HepG2 cells transfected with mouse ADH1 (VA-13 cells) were treated with 35 mM EtOH for 72 hours. Male Wistar rats were pair-fed Lieber-DeCarli diets for 5 to 8 weeks. Characterization of Golgi-associated mannosyl (α-1,3-)-glycoprotein beta-1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (MGAT1), α-1,2-mannosidase (Man-I), and α-mannosidase II (Man-II) were performed in VA-13 cells and rat hepatocytes followed by three-dimensional structured illumination microscopy (3D SIM). Results: First, we detected that EtOH administration results in the loss of sialylated N-glycans on asialoglycoprotein receptor; however, the high-mannose-type N-glycans are increased. Further analysis by 3D SIM revealed that EtOH treatment despite Golgi disorganization does not change cis-Golgi localization for Man-I, but does induce medial-to-cis relocation of MGAT1 and Man-II. Using different approaches, including electron microscopy, we revealed that EtOH treatment results in dysfunction of ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (Arf1) GTPase followed by a deficiency in COPI vesicles at the Golgi. Silencing beta-COP or expression of GDP-bound mutant Arf1(T31N) mimics the EtOH effect on retaining MGAT1 and Man-II at the cis-Golgi, suggesting that (i) EtOH specifically blocks activation of Arf1, and (ii) EtOH alters the proper localization of Golgi enzymes through impairment of COPI. Importantly, the level of MGAT1 was reduced, because likely MGAT1, contrary to Man-I and Man-II, is giantin sensitive. Conclusions: Thus, we provide the mechanism by which EtOH-induced Golgi remodeling may significantly modify formation of N-glycans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2573-2590
Number of pages18
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016


  • Abnormal N-Glycosylation
  • COPI
  • Ethanol
  • Golgi Fragmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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