Subtype-specific and co-occurring genetic alterations in B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Man Chun John Ma, Saber Tadros, Alyssa Bouska, Tayla Heavican, Haopeng Yang, Qing Deng, Dalia Moore, Ariz Akhter, Keenan Hartert, Neeraj Jain, Jordan Showell, Sreejoyee Ghosh, Lesley Street, Marta Davidson, Christopher Carey, Joshua Tobin, Deepak Perumal, Julie M. Vose, Matthew A. Lunning, Aliyah R. SohaniBenjamin J. Chen, Shannon Buckley, Loretta J. Nastoupil, R. Eric Davis, Jason R. Westin, Nathan H. Fowler, Samir Parekh, Maher Gandhi, Sattva Neelapu, Douglas Stewart, Kapil Bhalla, Javeed Iqbal, Timothy Greiner, Scott J. Rodig, Adnan Mansoor, Michael R Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) encompasses multiple clinically and phenotypically distinct subtypes of malignancy with unique molecular etiologies. Common subtypes of B-NHL, such as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, have been comprehensively interrogated at the genomic level, but rarer subtypes, such as mantle cell lymphoma, remain less extensively characterized. Furthermore, multiple B-NHL subtypes have thus far not been comprehensively compared using the same methodology to identify conserved or subtype-specific patterns of genomic alterations. Here, we employed a large targeted hybrid-capture sequencing approach encompassing 380 genes to interrogate the genomic landscapes of 685 B-NHL tumors at high depth, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, and Burkitt lymphoma. We identified conserved hallmarks of B-NHL that were deregulated in the majority of tumors from each subtype, including frequent genetic deregulation of the ubiquitin proteasome system. In addition, we identified subtype-specific patterns of genetic alterations, including clusters of co-occurring mutations and DNA copy number alterations. The cumulative burden of mutations within a single cluster were more discriminatory of B-NHL subtypes than individual mutations, implicating likely patterns of genetic cooperation that contribute to disease etiology. We therefore provide the first cross-sectional analysis of mutations and DNA copy number alterations across major B-NHL subtypes and a framework of co-occurring genetic alterations that deregulate genetic hallmarks and likely cooperate in lymphomagenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)690-701
Number of pages12
JournalHaematologica
Volume107
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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