Successful epoprostenol withdrawal in pulmonary arterial hypertension: Case report and literature review

Eftychia A. Demerouti, Athanassios N. Manginas, George D. Athanassopoulos, George T. Karatasakis, Evangelos D. Leontiadis, Gregory S. Pavlides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a rare and devastating disease characterized by vascular proliferation and remodeling. Epoprostenol, the drug counterpart of the eicosanoid prostacyclin, produced by the vascular endothelial cells, is the drug of choice for this disease. Its capacity to act rapidly and to significantly improve survival prospects in severe pulmonary hypertension patients has been supported by a wealth of evidence. Intravenous epoprostenol was believed to require therapy of indefinite duration. Since 2001, oral drugs have been approved for specific treatment. The availability of newer and less invasive drug therapies for pulmonary arterial hypertension led physicians to withdraw epoprostenol in carefully selected patients. We report a case of successful intravenous epoprostenol interruption in a patient with idiopathic disease. A literature review on epoprostenol withdrawal in pulmonary hypertension in adult patients is also provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e1-e5
JournalRespiratory care
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • Prostanoids
  • Pulmonary hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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    Demerouti, E. A., Manginas, A. N., Athanassopoulos, G. D., Karatasakis, G. T., Leontiadis, E. D., & Pavlides, G. S. (2013). Successful epoprostenol withdrawal in pulmonary arterial hypertension: Case report and literature review. Respiratory care, 58(2), e1-e5. https://doi.org/10.4187/respcare.01752