Supermarkets undergo various types of operating faults that can require costly preventive maintenance, service, and repairs. Because supermarkets are growing in number and in the variety of system types and characteristics, information about common faults and equipment is essential prior to investing effort on the development of new fault detection and diagnostics (FDD) methods or other improvements to system design and operation. A study was conducted to investigate supermarket equipment characteristics, such as the prevalence of central vs. distributed systems, condenser types, control strategies, and common operating faults such as refrigerant leakage, failed evaporator or condenser fans, failed compressors, etc. The data come from four sources: expert surveys, facility management system messages, service calls, and service records. Some of the results of the study are that centralized direct expansion systems with on/off compressor capacity control strategy and air-cooled condensers are the most common system types and refrigerant charge problems are the most common source of equipment failure. Case-related problems, in aggregate, are the most frequently occurring faults in supermarkets.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes